Video Widget

Nouvelles

You are here:

février21

Nigerian Online Casinos And Bonuses

Nigerian Online Casinos And Bonuses

Usually, you’ll see all the site’s licenses at the backside of their major page. If not, the data ought to be listed within the terms and conditions or another easily reachable space on the site.

But most of them are a giant trap you will by no means have the ability to match up with it. Only some fortunate jackpot winners handle to take action. Also, there are tricky bitcoin casinos that place wagering requirements on the deposit you make. If you deposit your bitcoins on any such sites, you will lose every little thing. It is better to learn the small print earlier than you assume you make any deposits.

Of course, the same thing applies to on-line bookmakers. A truly great bookie provides odds on the most sports activities betting markets. They cowl multiple leagues and supply essentially the most wagering choices on each recreation. The greatest on-line sportsbooks offer aggressive odds, multiple wager varieties, and options like the cashout choice and live betting. Speaking of live betting, nothing goes with in-play wagering like live streaming. One of the primary things you need to find out is whether a web site has a license from a respected playing authority.

Our list of online roulette reside casinos will give you the right probability to see for your self why these games are so in style. You will get the chance to attempt the most important live roulette variants and see why they are higher than their RNG counterparts. And, whereas online roulette is great, live roulette video games are even better. Their crispiness and HD-video quality promise an incredible journey that can make you come back for extra.

In blackjack and different table games, profits and losses are likely to take time before they actually add up. Conversely, you would possibly win millions of dollars in your first progressive jackpot game spin. Many folks have gained life-altering prizes. The sky’s the limit. But, before you ask how much you can win, make sure you understand how much you can lose. If you play at a casino that has a license from the UKG C or Malta, you can be confident that your money is completely secure. Many licensing authorities make licensees separate participant funds from operating capital.

Online casinos bring the motion to you 24 hours a day, seven days every week. Since mobile betting is now the norm, one of the best on-line casinos are cellular appropriate or provide free native apps. This means Nigerians have quick access to their favourite on-line on line casino video games irrespective of where they are. Generally, games with a high RTP give out smaller wins more usually. Games with a lower RTP are inclined to pay out bigger prizes, however less regularly. The games at the most effective online casinos have a great mixture of volatility, jackpot sizes, and payout charges. They have games for individuals who play for small stakes and video games for prime rollers.

Of course, it works seamlessly throughout all kinds of units so you can enjoy all its benefits on PC and Mac as properly. The studio’s stay roulette variants are translated into over 20 languages. They include a participant-targeted AI and high-quality HD video and multi-digicam setups that promise a tremendous experience.

In many cases, you’ll have the chance to make more cash by way of baccarat tournaments too. Of course, enjoying in them requires you to know your means around the recreation. If you understand how to play like a pro, baccarat tournaments are a good way to earn loads of money. A good stay on line casino gained’t just persist with a welcome bonus. Further deposit and presumably no deposit bonuses may even be on provide along with promotions on nationwide holidays and extra. For instance, it could be a bonus on Id el Kabir, Id el Maulud, etc. Of course, earlier than getting your arms on a on line casino bonus, you should read the phrases and necessities first.

If you need to get in on the action at a land-based mostly sportsbook, you’ll have tons of from which you will select. In common, the Nigerian casinos we advocate may have a sports activities arm, and so are an ideal place to get began. Bonuses and Promotions – We look for bonuses and promotions that really enhance your betting energy. Our top casinos have easy to say and clear bonuses. “People nonetheless do benefit from the precise buying expertise, however the fact that we know on-line’s actually grown via this pandemic,” Custis stated.

That might be probably the greatest offers you can find on-line. All Right on line casino provides a mobile-pleasant design the place you possibly can enjoy more than 200 video games.

There are some slots on-line with free spins with out the requirement to stake any money. All you need to do is create an account with the web site and log in to enjoy spins offered to your account.

It’s undoubtedly the case that there’s a big underground online betting scene within the country. Betting websites which are located in Nigeria and cater to Nigeria-based customers do exist, and are generally accessed by those seeking to enjoy a flutter or two.

That means they can access hundreds of casino games and day by day sports activities betting alternatives. It additionally means they can claim a boatload of valuable betting bonuses.

A good casino choice gained’t mean a lot if you do not work on your abilities. Despite that, you additionally need to improve your self-control. Resisting your needs isn’t an easy task.

In a recent referendum, Nebraska residents voted to legalize sure kinds of casino gambling within the state. Although Gambling is authorized in Nigeria to a sure extent, Nigeria still doesn’t have any substantive rules in place to accommodate online playing. Mr. Espiner stated to local music that they are nonetheless to select a region for their on the web operation. The business’s spokesperson mentioned that SKYCITY is bearing in mind Malta , which has been a fashionable online gaming hub for a number of years now. Tsogo SunTsogo Sun has additionally urged the government to take one other take a look at existing on-line gambling legislation. The group’s CEO, Chris du Toit mentioned that online gaming was a “natural development” for the enterprise, which is already at a sophisticated stage of shifting into on-line sports activities betting.

I discovered your web site by the use of Google simultaneously on the lookout for an identical matter, your website got right here up. I discovered your site by the use of Google concurrently searching for a comparable topic, your web site obtained here up. I found your blog by way of Google even as searching for a comparable matter, your web site got here up. I found your site by way of Google simultaneously looking for a comparable topic, your website obtained here up. I discovered your blog through Google while trying to find a related topic, your web site got right here up. I found your website by the use of Google simultaneously in search of a comparable topic, your site received here up. I discovered your website by the use of Google concurrently in search of a comparable topic, your website online got here up.

This is becoming extra essential with the reducing the significance of cable tv. Nowadays, many individuals entry playing sites on their smartphones.

It is always good not to depend on the inept actions of other gamers, in addition to all types of other possible disagreeable encounters. Our small workers has a combined experience of 70+ years inside the on-line betting business. This site is accredited by the GPWA seal of approval to function in an moral manner. The penalties for operators, homeowners, promoters and the banks involved in unlawful gambling are far larger. However, our police force is mostly undermanned when it comes to stopping such crimes. As a outcome much of the playing trade has been pushed underground where it thrives by way of unlawful channels. Gambling addiction is a critical illness that many people around the globe endure from.

Blackjack is a basic table recreation where the participant can develop a method based mostly on their bets. Luck performs an essential position in any sport of probability, but in live blackjack, math skills are very useful. The on-line dice sport is available on mobile and has several prize choices. However, like any other board sport, the participant’s revenue is essentially dependent on luck. Among essentially the most played slots are Neon Reels, Mega Fortune, Arcade, and Book of Ra, amongst others. Before you even start enjoying, it’s essential that you just set a specific finance restrict that you simply gained’t cross, no matter what.

I found your web site via Google whilst searching for a comparable topic, your web site received right here up. I found your website by way of Google whereas trying to find a comparable subject, your web site obtained right here up. I discovered your web site by means of Google even as in search of a comparable matter, your web site got here up. I found your website online by means of Google at the same time as looking out for a similar topic, your site obtained here up. I found your website by the use of Google whilst looking for a comparable subject, your web site came up. I found your web site by way of Google while looking for a comparable topic, your website got right here up.

The variety of partnering casino software program suppliers has a huge impact on the size of a site’s gaming catalog. Established game builders like Microgaming and NetEnt have each made hundreds of excellent games. When you see that your web site options those builders, you know you could have entry to an enormous collection of provably truthful video games. Sites that partner with dozens of casino recreation builders can have libraries with thousands of titles. There are many reasons to choose a casino online in entrance of a land-primarily based and we are itemizing only some of the many benefits here. Roulette is often the very first thing that involves mind when someone mentions a casino since it’s the most featured recreation in Hollywood movies corresponding to James Bond.

However, domestic online casinos aren’t policed very nicely so every so often there are regionally operated on-line casinos which are out there to go to and gamble at. These locations are not licensed or regulated and infrequently times a rip-off. Trusted 1xbet app download android authorized Nigeria online casinos are available to residents via offshore on-line on line casino sites which are validated and licensed via respected gaming commissions. Casino playing is authorized in Nigeria and residents are allowed to wager on-line and on the brick-and-mortar casinos.

Now you should copy and paste the bitcoin pockets address. Make certain you copy and paste them; a small mistake can allow you to lose your bitcoins. You can withdraw your bitcoins from your crypto exchange account. Usually, you’ll receive a welcome bonus in many of the bitcoin playing websites whenever you make a deposit. These bonuses are extremely tempting.

This gadget randomizes the outcome of every coup and ensures that you simply’re getting a good consequence. Enjoy all the advantages these games provide and don’t be afraid to attempt them. The rules of the sport stay the same, it’s solely the format that’s modified. Trust us – if you attempt reside roulette, you will never need to go back to common variants. Speed Roulette – if you want to play roulette at a faster tempo, the 25-second spins in Speed Roulette are your finest guess. NetEnt Live’s interface works significantly great on cellular devices.

After excluding all the ‘bad’ ones, we narrowed down the listing much more by using a particular check. Therefore, all casino & best betting sites on our record are the leading platforms which might be at present obtainable in Nigeria with an unparalleled offer of varied on line casino games.

There is lots to judge in the gambling sites of this type but the extra effort pays off. Casino.org is the world’s leading independent online gaming authority, providing trusted on-line on line casino news, guides, reviews and data since 1995. Customer Service – Knowledgeable, pleasant, and fast customer assist are hallmarks of an excellent on-line on line casino. The newest trend in Africa and the world of leisure is focused in bitcoin and cryptos. Nowadays ビットコインカジノ like rocketpot.io can offer you countless leisure, you even have a likelihood to win an additional bit of money whereas having enjoyable. Join the rest of players having fun with the benefits of bitcoin and ビットコインカジノ, do not miss out on the latest bitcoin casino pattern. I am a daily customer of your web site and appreciate you taking the time to keep up the nice web site.

Roulette wheels have been well-liked for hundreds of years. That popularity rose sky-excessive when the sport moved on-line. You can now play on-line roulette for free or actual cash and revel in all of the thrills the Devil’s Wheel presents from the comfort of your house.

Many leading online casinos are transparent and present you the win fee, or RTP. For occasion, you may come across a web site that proudly boasts of their ninety seven.8% return to participant. This quantity, while fairly good, is just a mean. The truth is that different games return completely different percentages. One recreation might reward a participant with an enormous win every 1,000 spins, while one other dispenses a number of small wins over the same stretch.

Your site is so cool. I’m impressed by the small print that you have on this blog. It reveals how properly you understand this subject. Bookmarked this net page, will come back for extra articles. You, my good friend, ROCK!

In Nigeria, land-based playing and lotteries are authorized. While there has been ambiguity in regards to the legality of on-line casinos right here, the country truly noticed the launch of the first Nigerian online on line casino, NairaGames Casino, in 2013. Regardless of whether or not we’re talking about Visa or Mastercard, these two ways of depositing and withdrawing funds are still broadly used among gamers everywhere in the world. Mastercard could be seen in the record of best on-line casinos, so make certain to decide on the operator with the best monetary T&C’s. With an abundance of games online, you would possibly get misplaced in the means of selecting your own favourite type of recreation. However, in relation to excitement and adrenalin, on-line casinos in Nigeria with reside video games are the best choice of avid punters.

On the opposite hand, taking part in on line casino video games for actual cash in Nigeria can convey you real money if you are fortunate. All casinos which have the very best RTP proportion are featured on our list. This determine is often audited by independent regulators such as eCOGRA and iTech. In different phrases, they be sure that all games are fair and that the RTP of each on line casino is as acknowledged. Needless to say, all casinos featured on our list are regularly audited for fairness.

I found your weblog by means of Google whilst looking for a related topic, your website received right here up. I discovered your weblog by the use of Google even as in search of a comparable subject, your website got right here up. I found your web site by the use of Google simultaneously in search of a comparable subject, your website online obtained here up. I discovered your website online by the use of Google at the same time as on the lookout for a associated matter, your web site obtained right here up.

In other phrases, some features our staff regards as priceless are in all probability lacking. Note that our requirements are set fairly excessive. There are a few kinds of ‘dangerous’ casinos.

Many clients neglect the casino software program used, but these can have a major influence in your gaming expertise. The casino software used will determine the games you’ll be able to play, the odds you get, the betting limits, and the foundations you need to adhere to. Each software developer has its personal style, so having a variety of software suppliers will improve the number of provides obtainable. The Criminal Code Act was passed in 1990 and defines legal and illegal forms of playing. Generally, those that rely mostly on ability are thought of authorized, while people who primarily rely on luck are unlawful.

The website has games from Microgaming, Net Entertainment, Evolution Gaming and others. For instance, a lover of Microgaming titles would search for a casino which focuses on merchandise from the builders as a result of they know they’ll have the latest choices. But other on-line casinos consider that offering quite a lot of developers gives them the best probability of attracting gamers. Some on-line casinos choose to stick with one software developer and advertise their partnership with them as a way to appeal to gamers.

Every time that somebody speaks in regards to the “greatest” or the “worst” something, it is essential to pay a bit closer consideration to these claims. For this reason, this article will study a few of the facts that have made many individuals observe 1xBet. The gambling trade in Nigeria is poised to get greater and as extra locals gamble online, we can count on that online playing services will get better.

Multi-ball roulette- In this sport, a participant can roll up to three balls on the wheel, and this means you may get a number of winning results. Seven-reel slots- These slots are still new and quite complicated, even for seasoned players. The number of winning lines is normally greater than 50 in these versions. Betway is the main overseas sportsbook in Nigeria. On top of that, it offers a superb casino expertise. The slots collection, in contrast to Bet9ja’s one, doesn’t disappoint, supplying lots of of various titles. Betway also offers mobile apps for Android and iOS devices and a primary-class class stay on line casino experience.

Having all that in mind, our top choose is unquestionably 888 Casino, due to its incredible choice, number of titles, glorious actual money progressive jackpots and many more. We hope this page answered any questions you might have had about taking part in at an internet operator.

See in the event that they’ll give you particular rewards for playing your favorite games. They’ll most likely snort you out of joint if you ask if you will get a a hundred% match bonus. Online casinos are extra accommodating, they usually give you extra probabilities to earn bonus money and different rewards. Try a few of the games free of charge to see how responsive, clean flowing, and how graphically pleasing they’re. Try contacting the customer support team just to find out how professional, friendly, and fast to reply they’re.

Their stakes are low, but the payoff may be in the tens of millions of a progressive jackpot. you get in our TOP presents an enormous catalogue to its users.

Thank you numerous for providing individuals with an extraordinarily particular opportunity to read intimately from this web site. It really may be very lovely and full of amusement for me personally and my workplace colleagues to visit your blog really 3 instances in 7 days to see the most recent stuff you will have. And indeed, we’re always glad concerning the terrific artistic ideas served by you. Certain 1 points in this article are unequivocally the very best we now have ever had. I simply need to inform you that I am simply beginner to running a blog and web site-building and actually loved your weblog. Almost actually I’m more likely to bookmark your blog publish . You certainly include terrific article content material.

When it comes to e-wallets, many of the operators in Nigeria supply a minimum of one digital fee option and usually, Skrill is among the high selections. Furthermore, its presence can be seen throughout a lot of the fee choices of the highest online casinos, but keep in mind that it will not be relevant for some bonus options. Most of the top online casinos that actually pay out have this minimum deposit quantity made obtainable. While the National Lottery Regulatory Commission is the country’s primary regulatory body, it is not the only factor protecting gamblers and operators alike.

Moreover, a number of games provide the possibility to play on the cellular. The legal standing of online casinos in Nigeria remains to be unclear, however these websites are nonetheless available within the country. Although the federal government does not authorise on-line casinos, players are never prosecuted for using the sites.

You can attempt them all at our on-line baccarat list of Nigerian casinos for real cash, but should you’ve never performed the game earlier than, it’s extensively really helpful to strive it free of charge. Online baccarat may be very enjoyable to play, however if you would like the complete on line casino experience, you’ll wish to give stay baccarat a shot. Think of them as comps in land-based mostly casinos. Live casinos can’t maintain their gamers satisfied and enjoying with anything else than a bonus. A live on line casino bonus could be very completely different from a regular casino bonus. It exhibits that the on line casino itself may be very targeted on stay supplier video games and that you’ll be getting even more rewards in your efforts.

I consider there are a number of extra pleasurable alternatives in the future for individuals who appeared over your site. Thanks lots for offering individuals with an exceptionally terrific possiblity to learn in detail from this website. It actually is so pleasing and full of a great time for me and my office acquaintances to look your website the equivalent of thrice per week to see the recent objects you have got. And positively, I’m certainly happy with the superior tips you give.

I discovered your blog by the use of Google while on the lookout for a comparable topic, your website got here up. I discovered your weblog through Google while on the lookout for a comparable matter, your website obtained right here up. I discovered your blog by means of Google even as in search of a associated topic, your website obtained here up. I discovered your website by way of Google concurrently searching for a comparable matter, your web site came up. I discovered your weblog by means of Google while on the lookout for a comparable matter, your web site came up.

At about 9 a.m., a series of controlled explosions have been heard earlier than the 39-story building imploded on itself. Implementing a national vaccination rollout plan is not a baby’s play.

Sometimes it is referred to as a new participant bonus or something alongside these traces. The bonus contains the casino matching your initial deposit as much as a most specified dollar amount. If there is a one hundred% match up to $one hundred, and also you deposit $100, a $a hundred bonus shall be added to your account. You can only withdraw bonus funds after all of the wagering necessities are met. Wagering necessities are completely different for each provide and vary from model to brand. My recommendation is to have a look at best usa online casino no deposit bonus codes which i think are the most effective and you need to choose that place to play.

I discovered your weblog via Google while looking for a similar subject, your web site came up. I found your blog by way of Google whereas searching for a related subject, your web site received right here up. I discovered your blog by the use of Google even as on the lookout for a associated matter, your website obtained right here up.

This, nonetheless, doesn’t imply that all of them are applicable and reliable. There are casinos which are nicely-identified for cheating at gamers – an indication to keep away from the company in any respect prices. In the next list, we have highlighted the most important and fundamental criteria to consider when selecting an internet on line casino. Regularly updated library of on-line casino games. Some on-line casinos ignore this point and continue offering the same games as a yr in the past. For much less pressing points, there may be an e mail help that also needs to reply rapidly and provides helpful solutions.

I discovered your website via Google whereas looking for a comparable topic, your web site got here up. I found your web site by means of Google while looking for a comparable matter, your web site came up.

You can often discover operators’ authorization details within the footer of their web site. Alternatively, you can search the regulators’ databases. Online casinos settle for a spread of cost strategies similar to Visa, direct financial institution switch, Neteller, Paypal, Skrill, Bitcoin in addition to the latest method – Bank ID by way of Trustly. Online casinos provide engaging bonuses for the first deposit with as much as a hundred% match up in your deposit amount. For instance, when you deposit 200 Nigerian Naira, you will get an extra 200 Naira in your account.

“If the grass is greener in the other fellow’s yard – let him fear about slicing it.” by Fred Allen. This can be one specific of probably the most beneficial blogs We have ever arrive throughout on this topic. Actually Wonderful. I’m additionally a specialist on this topic so I can understand your effort. Generally I don’t learn post on blogs, nevertheless I want to say that this write-up very compelled me to try and do it!

I found your website via Google at the same time as on the lookout for a related subject, your site received right here up. I found your blog via Google while looking for a associated matter, your web site got here up. I discovered your web site by way of Google concurrently looking for a comparable topic, your site received here up. I found your weblog by means of Google whereas searching for the same matter, your website online got here up. I discovered your website online by means of Google at the same time as looking for a related topic, your website received right here up. I found your web site via Google at the same time as searching for a comparable matter, your web site came up. I found your website by means of Google at the same time as searching for a related matter, your website came up.

You didn’t take a taxi and spend money to get there. You’re not obliged to stay in an internet on line casino for any length of time.

We supply free bets and most bonuses. We additionally present 80% profit to our brokers. It is necessary to obtain consumer consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The level of the game is to add 9 points to the cards. Nowadays, video games with actual sellers are very widespread in preserving the atmosphere of the classic game. But the sport slows down in this case.

In conclusion, the individuals of Nebraska welcomed casinos to their state with a major majority vote. LB561 additionally allows the Nebraska Racing and Gaming Commission to come up with new rules referring to casinos and horse racing.

Today the Nigerian online on line casino websites are on par with international competitors. All video games, including stay on line casino and stay sports activities betting, are supplied to Naijan players. If you play on-line with a foreign on line casino, chances are that you just do not have the same rights and safety in any respect. And you do not want to be in a situation the place you do not get your money after an enormous successful. Considering all the new casinos that are started, it is time-consuming for an individual to evaluate all of them.

I simply could not go away your website before suggesting that I truly liked the same old info an individual present to your guests? Is going to be back incessantly to analyze cross-examine new posts. I truly needed to sort a short word to say due to you for those treasured recommendations you might be giving right here. My prolonged internet research has at the finish been compensated with brilliant details to write about with my greatest pals. I would level out that we website visitors truly are undoubtedly lucky to reside in a exceptional place with many outstanding professionals with fascinating suggestions. I really feel considerably fortunate to have seen your web site and look ahead to plenty of more exciting moments studying here.

SportPesa is a sports betting specialist, covering all the most important sporting occasions, but the on line casino additionally hosts quite a lot of traditional online on line casino games. This online casino has a median payout speed of 2-5 days, which is somewhat slower than others on our listing. However, it additionally boasts a median win rate of 97.15%, first-price customer assist, and a library of over one hundred fifty on line casino games to play. Second to 888, NetBet Casino is the oldest on-line casino on our listing.

The company is legendary for its instant-play and cell-pleasant presents. One reason why people favor live vendor provides over regular online casinos is that they offer a extra social playing experience.

Thanks to on-line on line casino expertise, you can now watch the action unfold in full-HD video quality and from by no means-before-seen angles. Trust us – you haven’t performed roulette until you’ve seen the ball roll in gradual movement. Owners of online casinos and slot machine golf equipment are able to do a lot to attract new users and retain regular gamers. In nearly all well-liked online casinos, registered players can count on generous bonuses, money gifts and full assist of the administration in gaming and monetary matters. Many on-line casinos allow you to play for fun with none money. To discover ways to play a recreation, we suggest reading no less than the principles. In an interactive casino, you possibly can typically start playing in demo mode.

All the 5 casinos from our record have minimum deposit requirements and amazing bonuses. However, we need to repeat one necessary factor here. The players will have to invest solely $5 earlier than beginning their journey. However, for the first deposit that’s up to 200 Euros, the players will get a 200% bonus. In different phrases, if you invest 200 Euros, you’re going to get 600 Euros in form of a bonus.

Instead, they aim the operators. Nigeria’s burgeoning on-line on line casino market attracts new gamers all the time and the number of Nigerian playing sites that settle for gamers from this area continues to grow. You can take pleasure in the most popular video games in online casinos stay, as well. Live dealer games are among the many hottest lately and are becoming increasingly important in the total idea of gambling sites. You can play live games by way of a live streaming characteristic the place you’ll be able to observe every step of the vendor. Depending on your Internet connection and the reputability of the software supplier, you can get a Full HD high quality stream. This will guarantee you will not miss something and could absolutely dive into the casino environment.

Because of this, you can simply stop. You can put it down, get some work done, and return to it whenever you want. No pressure at all.

More exactly, minimal deposit necessities and superb bonuses are the 2 main causes for Slottica’s reputation growth. 22Bet operates for less than 2 years. However, for those two years, it managed to attract many gamblers. Before every little thing, you can take pleasure in sports activities betting as properly. However, should you a playing fan, you’re going to get the possibility to get pleasure from desk games, slots, and stay casinos. We beforehand mentioned a few elements that decide the standard of a on line casino.

It establishes the authorized ways of conducting a playing business within the country and sets a nice for operating illegally are. Our specialists additionally investigate what developers are present on the platform. It’s not a huge predictor of success. For instance, RTG runs a couple of casinos singlehandedly. However, some gamers favor a on line casino to have a lot of builders, they usually deserve to know that. Our specialists check Nigerian casinos’ registration papers. However, a casino has to be licensed to be held accountable.

Because of that, you need to put a couple of options into consideration before depositing your money. Providing a novel expertise that differs from roulette or blackjack, baccarat is a excessive-class card recreation loved by thousands of players in online casinos. You can play it at the best Nigeria on line casino sites on our page and see what all of the fuss is about. Live online roulette is a unique type of casino sport. It pairs the environment and thrills of actual casinos with the benefits online casinos have to offer. The result is a sport like you’ve never seen earlier than.

Because of that, the supply of land-primarily based casinos is a bit restricted for each particular person. On the opposite hand, the online on line casino is on the market to everyone who has a secure Wi-Fi connection. Of course, it’s also essential to have a decent smart gadget. However, it is exhausting to search out a person in today’s world that doesn’t possess a smartphone.

  • Publié par technician
  • 1 Tags
  • 0 Comments

CATÉGORIES Blog

COMMENTS